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制作一本精装书的装订制作工艺流程是什么样的?

文章作者:华政印务 发布时间:2022-02-22
凡是页数较多,需要反复阅读和保存,质量要求较高的书,一般均采用精装。精装书的封面、封底,一般用丝织品、漆布、人造革、皮革或纸张等材料,粘贴在硬纸板表面做成书壳。按照封面的加工方式,有书脊和无书脊书壳。书芯的书背可加工成硬背、腔背和柔背等。精装书籍坚固耐用,质量要求高。
Hardcover is generally used for books with a large number of pages, which need to be read and saved repeatedly and have high quality requirements. The cover and back cover of a hardcover book are usually made of silk, lacquer cloth, artificial leather, leather or paper and pasted on the surface of cardboard to make a book case. According to the processing method of the cover, there are spine and non spine book cases. The back of the book block can be processed into hard back, cavity back and soft back. Hardcover books are strong and durable with high quality requirements.
精装书的装订工艺主要有书芯加工、书壳制作和上书壳3个过程,下面将对各个部分进行详细的介绍:
The binding process of hardcover books mainly includes three processes: book block processing, case making and case loading. Each part will be introduced in detail below:
(一)书芯加工
(1) Book block processing
书芯制作的前一部分和平装书装订工艺相同,包括:裁切、折页、配页、锁线与切书等。在完成上述工艺之后,就要进行精装书芯特有的加工过程。书芯为圆背有脊形式,可在平装书芯的基础上,经过压平、刷胶、干燥、裁切、扒圆、起脊、刷胶、粘纱布、再刷胶、粘堵头布、粘书脊纸、干燥等完成精装书芯的加工。书芯为方背无脊形式,就不需要扒圆。书芯为圆背无脊形式,就不需要起脊。
The binding process of the first part of the book block is the same as that of the paperback book, including cutting, folding, page matching, sewing and book cutting. After completing the above process, we need to carry out the unique processing process of hardcover book block. The book block is in the form of round back with ridge. On the basis of paperback book block, the hardcover book block can be processed through flattening, glue brushing, drying, cutting, rounding, ridging, glue brushing, gauze sticking, re glue brushing, plug cloth sticking, spine paper sticking, drying, etc. The book block is in the form of square back without ridge, so there is no need to pick a circle. The book block is in the form of round back without ridge, so there is no need for ridge.
压平:压平是在专用的压书机上进行,使书芯结实、平服,提高书籍的装订质量。
Flattening: flattening is carried out on a special book press to make the book block firm and flat, and improve the binding quality of books.
刷胶:用手工或机械刷胶,使书芯达到基本定型,在下道工序加工时,书帖不发生相互移动。
Glue brushing: use manual or mechanical glue brushing to make the book block reach the basic shape. During the next process, the book posts will not move each other.
裁切:对刷胶基本干燥的书芯,进行裁切,成为光本书芯。
Cutting: the book block with basically dry glue brush is cut to become a light book block.
扒圆:由人工或机械,把书脊背脊部分,处理成圆弧形的工艺过程,叫做扒圆。扒圆以后,整本书的书贴能互相错开,便于翻阅,提高了书芯的牢固程度。
Round raking: the process of manually or mechanically processing the spine into a circular arc, which is called round raking. After rounding, the book stickers of the whole book can be staggered with each other, which is easy to read and improves the firmness of the book block.
起脊:由人工或机械,把书芯用夹板夹紧加实,在书芯正反两面,接近书脊与环衬连线的边缘处,压出一条凹痕,使书脊略向外鼓起的工序,叫做起脊,这样可防止扒圆后的书芯回圆变形。
Ridging: manually or mechanically clamp the book block with a splint, and press out a dent on the front and back sides of the book block, close to the edge of the connecting line between the book ridge and the ring lining, so as to make the book ridge bulge slightly outward, which is called ridging, so as to prevent the back round deformation of the book block after rounding.
书脊加工:包括刷胶、粘书签带、贴纱布、贴堵头布,贴书脊纸。贴纱布能够增加书芯的连结强度和书芯与书壳的连结强度。堵头布,贴在书芯背脊的天头和地脚两端,使书帖之间紧紧相连,不仅增加了书籍装订的牢固性,又使书变得美观。书脊纸一定要贴在书芯背脊中间,不能起皱、起泡。
Spine processing: including brushing glue, pasting bookmark tape, pasting gauze, pasting plug cloth and pasting spine paper. Sticking gauze can increase the connection strength of the book block and the connection strength between the book block and the book case. The capping cloth is pasted on both ends of the crown and foot of the spine of the book block, so that the books are closely connected, which not only increases the firmness of book binding, but also makes the book beautiful. The spine paper must be pasted in the middle of the back of the book block without wrinkling or blistering.
(二)书壳的制作
(2) Making of book case
书壳是精装书的封面。书壳的材料应有一定的强度和耐磨性,并具有装饰的作用。用一整块面料,将封面、封底和背脊连在一起制成的书壳,叫做整料书壳。封面、封底用同一面料,而背脊用另一块面料制成的书壳,叫做配料书壳。
The book case is the cover of a hardcover book. The material of the book case should have certain strength and wear resistance, and have the function of decoration. A book case made of a whole piece of fabric connecting the cover, back cover and back is called a whole book case. The cover and back cover are made of the same fabric, while the spine is made of another fabric, which is called the batched book case.
作书壳时,先按规定尺寸裁切封面材料并刷胶,然后再将前封、后封的纸板压实、定位(称为摆壳),包好边缘和四角,进行压平即完成书壳的制作。由于手工操作效率低,现改用机械制书壳。制作好的书壳,在前后封以及书背上,压印书名和图案等。为了适应书背的圆弧形状,书壳整饰完以后,还需进行扒圆。
When making a book case, first cut the cover material according to the specified size and apply glue, then compact and position the front and rear sealing paperboards (called swing case), wrap the edges and four corners, and press flat to complete the production of the book case. Due to the low efficiency of manual operation, we now use mechanical book case. The title and pattern of the book are stamped on the front and back seals and the back of the book. In order to adapt to the arc shape of the back of the book, the book case needs to be rounded after finishing.
(三)上书壳
(3) Upper book case
把书壳和书芯连在一起的工艺过程,叫做上书壳,也叫套壳。
The technological process of connecting book case and book block together is called upper book case, also known as sleeve case.
上书壳的方法是:先在书芯的一面衬页上,涂上胶水,按一定位置放在书壳上,使书芯与书壳一面先粘牢固,再按此方法把书芯的另一面衬页也平整地粘在书壳上,整个书芯与书壳就牢固地连结在一起了。用压线起脊机,在书的前后边缘各压出一道凹槽,加压、烘干,使书籍更加平整、定型。如果有护封,则包上护封即可出厂。
The method of putting on the book case is: first, apply glue on the lining page on one side of the book block, and put it on the book case according to a certain position, so that one side of the book block and the book case can be firmly adhered, and then the lining page on the other side of the book block can be smoothly adhered to the book case according to this method, and the whole book block and the book case can be firmly connected. With the line pressing and ridging machine, press out a groove on the front and rear edges of the book, pressurize and dry, so as to make the book more flat and shaped. If there is a protective seal, it can leave the factory with the protective seal on the package.
精装书,装订工序多,工艺复杂,用手工操作时,操作人员多、效率低。我司可提供一站式的精装书解决方案,实现书芯压平、刷胶烘干、书芯压紧、书芯扒圆起脊、书芯刷胶粘纱布、堵头布、上书壳、压槽成型、书本输出等精装书装订工艺的机械化,可帮助客户很大程度上提供生产效率,减少人工成本。
For hardcover books, there are many binding processes and complex processes. When manual operation is used, there are many operators and low efficiency. Our company can provide a one-stop solution for hardcover books, which can realize the mechanization of hardcover book binding processes such as book core flattening, glue brushing and drying, book core pressing, book core rounding and ridging, book core brushing with adhesive gauze, plug cloth, upper book case, groove forming, book output and so on, which can help customers provide production efficiency to a great extent and reduce labor costs.
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This article is provided by Jinan hardcover book system. Our website is: https://www.sdhzyw.com/ We will provide you with services with wholehearted enthusiasm. Welcome to visit

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