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如何做好精装书印后加工?

文章作者:华政印务 发布时间:2022-08-04
精装书加工工序繁多、操作复杂,加工难度要比胶订书和骑马订书高,出现的质量问题也较多。因此,为了确保精装书的质量,操作人员应掌握印后各工序的操作规范。
Hardcover books have many processing procedures and complex operations, which are more difficult to process than glue bookings and horse riding bookings, and there are many quality problems. Therefore, in order to ensure the quality of hardcover books, operators should master the operation specifications of post printing processes.
生产前
Before production
1.检查待加工产品明细
1. Check the details of products to be processed
按照车间生产施工单,检查待加工产品明细与施工单是否一致,发现问题及时向生产部反映。
Check whether the details of products to be processed are consistent with the construction order according to the workshop production construction order, and report any problems to the production department in time.
2.准备生产材料
2. Prepare production materials
(1)三粘操作人员根据书刊尺寸准备书背纸、堵头布、纱布、胶黏剂等材料。
(1) Three stick operators prepare materials such as back paper, plug cloth, gauze and adhesive according to the size of books and periodicals.
(2)制壳操作人员按车间施工单要求备料,准备压力机和制壳用纸板,根据书壳纸板的性质确定糊壳用胶。
(2) The shell making operator prepares materials according to the requirements of the workshop construction sheet, prepares the press and the shell making cardboard, and determines the glue for pasting the shell according to the nature of the book case cardboard.
(3)套合操作人员准备衬纸、压力机等。根据书壳封面的颜色、用料等确定上壳用胶和扫衬用胶。
(3) The nesting operator prepares the lining paper, press, etc. According to the color and material of the cover of the book case, determine the glue for the upper case and the glue for the lining.
(4)准备码放成品的台板,将待加工产品运到工作台前。
(4) Prepare the pallet for stacking finished products and transport the products to be processed to the workbench.
3.准备设备
3. Prepare the equipment
开机前检查设备,确保设备正常运转,开机时先发信号,经过试机,确认没问题后,方可正式生产。
Before starting the machine, check the equipment to ensure its normal operation. When starting the machine, send a signal first. After the machine is tested and confirmed to be OK, it can be officially produced.
生产中
In production
1.制书芯
1. Book block making
印刷完成的单页经折页、配页、锁线、压平、裁切、浆背、扒圆、起脊、三粘等工序完成书芯制作。下面,笔者就精装书的浆背、扒圆、三粘工序介绍操作过程中的注意事项。
The printed single page is folded, matched, stitched, flattened, cut, pasted back, rounded, ridged, and glued. Next, the author introduces the precautions in the process of hardcover book's back pasting, rounding and three gluing.
(1)浆背是指书芯打好捆后,用稀薄的胶黏剂在书背处涂刷,使书芯基本定型。待胶层干燥后,将书逐本分开并检查质量,对于浆背不齐的书,要重新进行浆背。
(1) The back of the book refers to that after the book block is bundled, the back of the book is brushed with a thin adhesive to make the book block basically shaped. After the adhesive layer is dry, separate the books one by one and check the quality. For books with uneven back, re paste the back.
(2)精装书书背分圆背和方背,方背精装书的书芯不需要扒圆,圆背精装书的书芯需要扒圆。书背扒圆后要保证圆式、弧长一致,圆弧对应的圆心角约为90°~130°。
(2) The back of hardcover books is divided into round back and square back. The book block of square back hardcover books does not need to be rounded, and the book block of round back hardcover books needs to be rounded. After rounding the back of the book, ensure that the circular type and arc length are consistent, and the center angle of the arc is about 90 ° ~ 130 °.
(3)三粘工序即粘堵头布、粘书背纸、粘纱布。
(3) The three sticking process is to stick the plug cloth, stick the book back paper and stick the gauze.
①粘堵头布
① Stick plug cloth
堵头布的裁切宽度为书背的宽度。首先在书背的天头、地脚处刷白乳胶,再把堵头布贴上,要求粘直、粘平、粘牢,堵头布的边露出书芯上下切口约1mm宽。
The cutting width of the plug cloth is the width of the back of the book. First, brush white emulsion on the crown and foot of the back of the book, and then stick the plug cloth, which is required to be straight, flat and firm. The edge of the plug cloth exposes the upper and lower cuts of the book block, which are about 1mm wide.
②粘纱布
② Sticky gauze
将书背刷白乳胶,将裁切好的纱布居中粘在书背处,要求粘平、粘牢。
Brush the back of the book with white latex, and stick the cut gauze on the back of the book in the middle, which is required to be flat and firm.
③粘书背纸
③ Sticky back paper
将整个书背刷白乳胶,将裁切好的书背纸粘在书背处,粘平、粘牢,注意不要将胶液蹭到书芯切口的其他部位。
Brush the whole back of the book with white latex, stick the cut back paper on the back of the book, stick it flat and firmly, and be careful not to rub the glue against other parts of the cut of the book block.
2.制书壳
2. Book case making
(1)封面材料的剪角要适度,剪下太多会包不住纸板,剪下太少又不易于包角。对封面材料刷胶时,要求薄而均匀。
(1) The corners of cover materials should be cut appropriately. Cutting too much will not wrap the cardboard, and cutting too little will not wrap the corners easily. When applying glue to the cover material, it is required to be thin and uniform.
(2)保证封面上的书背字居中,在放入纸板时,纸板要向左右两边靠,中径纸板要居中放置。
(2) Make sure that the words on the back of the book on the cover are centered. When placing the cardboard, the cardboard should lean to the left and right sides, and the medium diameter cardboard should be placed in the middle.
(3)包边要包实,不得出现空边。包角要平整,不得出现双角和包角不严。
(3) The edge wrapping shall be solid without empty edges. The wrap angle shall be flat, and there shall be no double angle and loose wrap angle.
(4)压平时压力要均匀、足够,保证书壳压的平整且无皱褶。压平后的书壳要逐一检查,将中径纸板歪斜的挑出来进行修复。将检查过的书壳竖直晾干。晾干后的书壳面对面整齐堆积,在最上面用重物加压,以备后续烫印或上壳。
(4) When flattening, the pressure should be uniform and sufficient to ensure that the book case is pressed smoothly and without wrinkles. The flattened book case should be checked one by one, and the medium diameter cardboard should be picked out askew for repair. Dry the checked book case vertically. After drying, the book cases are stacked neatly face to face, and the top is pressurized with a heavy object for subsequent hot stamping or shell loading.
3.套合
3. Nesting
(1)对书壳的书沟处刷胶时,不要使胶液流到其他位置。确定书芯尺寸与书壳尺寸适合后,将书芯放在书沟处,试套合,检查三面飘口是否一致以及书背与书脊
(1) When applying glue to the book groove of the book case, do not let the glue flow to other places. After determining that the size of the book block is suitable for the size of the book case, put the book block in the book groove, try to fit it, and check whether the floating mouth on three sides is consistent, and whether the back and spine of the book are consistent
是否平服,然后合上书壳将三面飘口摆正,最后将书沟压实。
Whether it is flat, then close the book case, put the floating mouth on three sides straight, and finally compact the book ditch.
(2)扫衬时刷子要轻轻向上抬起,保证刷胶薄而均匀,不能有刷不到胶或溢胶现象。压平时压力要一致和足够,确保衬纸粘得结实、平整。
(2) When sweeping the lining, the brush should be gently lifted up to ensure that the glue is thin and uniform, and there should be no glue failure or glue overflow. When flattening, the pressure should be consistent and sufficient to ensure that the backing paper sticks firmly and smoothly.
(3)扫衬压平完成后,要逐一检查书本有无粘坏衬页、倒头、漏扫、溢胶等故障。
(3) After the completion of lining sweeping and flattening, the books should be checked one by one to see if there are any faults such as sticking the lining, overturning, missing sweeping, glue overflow, etc.
(4)压槽操作时,要保证书沟平直,不能出现双沟。
(4) During groove pressing operation, ensure that the book groove is straight and straight, and double grooves are not allowed.
(5)各工序操作人员要按照车间规定做好质量标识。
(5) The operators of each process shall make quality identification according to the regulations of the workshop.
(6)机器正常运转时,操作人员要坚守岗位,随时观察机器的运转情况和产品是否合格。发现问题要立即停机处理,严禁在机器运转时排除故障。
(6) When the machine is in normal operation, the operator should stick to his post and observe the operation of the machine and whether the products are qualified at any time. If any problem is found, stop the machine immediately for treatment. It is strictly forbidden to remove the fault when the machine is running.
生产结束后
After production
(1)先检验成品,再进行包封操作。对完工的产品进行统计,清点尾数,上报车间调度员。注意在成品打包时不能使用捆绳的方式,防止勒坏精装书的飘口。
(1) Inspect the finished product first, and then carry out the encapsulation operation. Count the finished products, count the mantissa, and report to the workshop dispatcher. Note that the way of binding rope cannot be used when packaging the finished product to prevent the floating mouth of the hardcover book from being damaged.
(2)及时修复当班废本,对不能修复的废本进行打捆,放到指定
(2) Timely repair the waste books on duty, bundle the waste books that cannot be repaired and put them into the designated place
地点。
Location.
(3)如实填写生产日报表。
(3) Fill in the daily production report truthfully.
(4)搞好班后设备的维护及现场清理工作,做好交接班手序。
(4) Do a good job of equipment maintenance and site cleaning after shift, and do a good job of shift handover procedures.
问题解决流程
Problem solving process
1.机台问题
1. Machine problems
车间对机台提出的问题进行分析,属于本车间的问题或车间可以解决的问题自行解决。
The workshop analyzes the problems raised by the machine, and solves the problems belonging to the workshop or the problems that the workshop can solve by itself.
2.材料问题
2. Material problems
车间第一时间通知生产管理部门,生产管理部门根据材料管辖范围责成相关部门解决。
The workshop shall notify the production management department at the first time, and the production management department shall instruct relevant departments to solve the problem according to the jurisdiction of materials.
3.质量问题
3. Quality problems
对于上工序质量问题,车间应第一时间通知技术质量部,技术质量部责成相关车间进行解决,并对问题性质进行分析,提出处理意见及今后防范措施。
As for the quality problems of the previous process, the workshop shall notify the technology and quality department at the first time, and the technology and quality department shall instruct the relevant workshops to solve them, analyze the nature of the problem, and put forward handling opinions and future preventive measures.
4.客户问题
4. Customer problems
---对于关系客户的问题,车间应第一时间通知客户服务部,客户服务部与客户联系尽快拿出解决办法,保证生产正常进行。
---For problems related to customers, the workshop should notify the customer service department at the first time, and the customer service department should contact the customers to come up with solutions as soon as possible to ensure the normal production.
以上就是为大家介绍的有关济南精装书制作的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务https://www.sdhzyw.com/
The above is a detailed introduction to the production of hardcover books in Jinan. I hope it will help you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide services for you with a professional attitude https://www.sdhzyw.com/

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