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精装书的制作装订工艺你了解吗?
作者:admin 来源:http://www.sdhzyw.com 发布时间:2020-8-4 13:03:29 浏览次数:109

精装书的装订工艺

Binding technology of hardcover books

一、

1

流程为:

The process is as follows:

书芯的制作→书壳的制作→上书壳

Book block production → book case production → book case on

(一)书芯的制作

(1) The making of book block

书芯制作的前一部分和平装书装订工艺相同,包括:裁切、折页、配页、锁线与切书等。在完成上述工作之后,就要进行精装书芯特有的加工过程。书芯为圆背有脊形式,可在平装书芯的基础上,经过压平、刷胶、干燥、裁切、扒圆、起脊、刷胶、粘纱布、再刷胶、粘堵头布、粘书脊纸、干燥等完成精装书芯的加工。书芯为方背无脊形式,就不需要扒圆。书芯为圆背无脊形式,就不需要起脊。

The former part of book block production and binding process is the same, including: cutting, folding, page matching, sewing and cutting books. After finishing the above work, it is necessary to carry out the special processing process of hardcover book block. The book block is round back with ridge. On the basis of the paperback book block, the hardcover book block can be processed by flattening, gluing, drying, cutting, scraping, ridging, gluing, gauze pasting, re brushing, blocking cloth, binding spine paper, drying, etc. The book block is in the form of square back without ridge, so there is no need to pick round. The book block is round back without ridge, so there is no need for ridging.

1.

One

压平

Flattening

压平是在专用的压书机上进行,使书芯结实、平服,提高书籍的装订质量。

Flattening is carried out on a special press to make the book block strong and smooth, and improve the binding quality of books.

2.刷胶

2. Glue brushing

用手工或机械刷胶,使书芯达到基本定型,在下道工序加工时,书帖不发生相互移动。

Hand or mechanical brush glue, so that the book block to achieve the basic shape, in the next process of processing, the book will not move.

  QQ截图20161212180109.jpg

3、裁切

3. Cutting

对刷胶基本干燥的书芯,进行裁切,成为光本书芯。

To brush glue basically dry book block, carry on cutting, become light book block.

4、扒圆

4. Grilled round

由人工或机械,把书脊背脊部分,处理成圆弧形的工艺过程,叫做扒圆。扒圆以后,整本书的书贴能互相错开,便于翻阅,提高了书芯的牢固程度。

By artificial or mechanical, the spine part of the spine, processing into a circular arc-shaped process, known as grilling round. After picking round, the book stickers of the whole book can be staggered each other, easy to read, and improve the firmness of the book block.

5.起脊

5. Ridging

由人工或机械,把书芯用夹板夹紧加实,在书芯正反两面,接近书脊与环衬连线的边缘处,压出一条凹痕,使书脊略向外鼓起的工序,叫做起脊,这样可防止扒圆后的书芯回圆变形。

By manual or mechanical means, the book block is clamped and consolidated with a splint. On both sides of the book block, close to the edge of the connection between the spine and the ring lining, a dent is pressed out to make the spine slightly bulge outward, which is called ridging. This can prevent the book block from being rounded and deformed.

6.书脊的加工

6. Spine processing

加工的内容包括:刷胶、粘书签带、贴纱布、贴堵头布,贴书脊纸。

The processing content includes: Brush glue, stick bookmark tape, paste gauze, paste plug cloth, paste spine paper.

贴纱布能够增加书芯的连结强度和书芯与书壳的连结强度。

Paste gauze can increase the strength of book block and book block and book case.

堵头布,贴在书芯背脊的天头和地脚两端,使书帖之间紧紧相连,不仅增加了书籍装订的牢固性,又使书变得美观。

The blocking cloth is pasted on the top of the back of the book block and the two ends of the foot, so that the books are closely connected. It not only increases the firmness of book binding, but also makes the book beautiful.

书脊纸必须贴在书芯背脊中间,不能起皱、起泡。

The spine paper must be pasted in the middle of the spine of the book block, not wrinkled and blistered.