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印刷的传统材料
作者:admin 来源:http://www.sdhzyw.com 发布时间:2018-10-24 10:37:46 浏览次数:301
印刷作为一个传统行业,所涉及到的东西很多,光是印刷材料这方面就要说上三天三夜。今天就这个问题初略地说一说。

Printing, as a traditional industry, involves a lot of things. It takes three days and three nights just for printing materials. Let me give you a brief introduction to this question today.

1、纸
1, paper
纸是印刷行业中主要的印刷材料,也是大家更熟悉更了解的用品之一。我们平常只要一提到“印刷”二字,首先想到的是纸。作为印刷行业中主要的印刷材料,纸的价格真接影响到印刷产品的价格。在这个行业中,由于客户所需的产品不同,纸张的种类也不一样。它的分类也较复杂,可以按纸的重量分、可以按纸的开数分、可以按纸的用途分等等……。
Paper is the main printing material in the printing industry, and it is also one of the most familiar and familiar products. As long as we mention the word "printing" two times, we first think of paper. As the main printing material in the printing industry, the price of paper really affects the price of printed products. In this industry, the types of paper are different because of the different products that customers need. Its classification is also more complex, can be divided by the weight of paper, can be divided by the opening number of paper, can be divided by the use of paper and so on.
2、印版
2, printing plate
这是印刷行业中仅次于纸的印刷材料,同纸一样,不同的印刷产品需要有不同的印刷版材,在不同的印刷时期印刷版材也不一样。常见的有PS版、树脂版、铜锌版、纸版、网版、激光雕刻版等,目前更常用的是PS版,也就是适用于平版印刷机,印后只要版子不坏还可续印的一种印材。
This is the printing material second only to paper in the printing industry. Like paper, different printing products need different printing plates, and printing plates are different in different printing periods. There are PS plate, resin plate, copper and zinc plate, paper plate, screen plate, laser engraving plate and so on. At present, the most commonly used is PS plate, which is suitable for lithographic printing press, as long as the plate is not bad after printing can be reprinted.
3、油墨
3. Ink
油墨是印刷行业的重要材料,它通过印刷或喷绘将图案、文字表现在承印特上。油墨中包括主要成分和辅助成分,它们是通过均匀地混合并经反复轧压而制成的一种黏性胶状流体。由连接料、颜料、填料、助剂和溶剂等组成。用于书刊、包装装潢、建筑装饰以及电子线路板材等印刷。随着社会需求的增大,油墨的品种和产量也在相应地增长。
Ink is an important material in the printing industry, it will be printed or inkjet graphics, text on the performance of the print. Inks include major components and auxiliary components, which are viscous colloidal fluids made by homogeneous mixing and repeated rolling. It is made up of connecting materials, pigments, fillers, auxiliaries and solvents. It is used for printing books, magazines, packaging and decoration, building decoration and electronic circuit boards. With the increasing demand of the society, the varieties and output of ink have also increased correspondingly.
4、调墨油
4, inking oil
调墨油又称冷印油、调配油、调合油、连接油、调合膏等,是印刷中调节油墨黏度或稀稠程度的一种添加剂。特别是在冬季,由于气温低,在油墨的流动性较差的情况下,就在用它来调节。相对来说,纸张印刷上用得较少。在玻璃印刷、铁皮印刷、塑料印刷方面用得较多。
Ink blending oil is also called cold printing oil, blending oil, blending oil, connecting oil, blending paste and so on. It is an additive to adjust ink viscosity or thinness in printing. Especially in winter, because of the low temperature, in the case of poor ink fluidity, it is used to adjust. Relatively speaking, paper printing is used less. It is used more in glass printing, iron printing and plastic printing.
5、燥油
5. Dryness oil
对于从事印刷行业特别是印刷高档产品的人来说,对燥油就比较熟悉了。严格说来,燥油是调墨油的一种,用于印刷高档产品而防止产品沾脏并提高干燥速度的一种添加剂,因功能的不同分为红燥油和白澡油。
For those engaged in printing industry, especially those who print high-end products, they are familiar with dry oil. Strictly speaking, dry oil is a kind of toner, used to print high-grade products to prevent product dirty and improve the drying speed of an additive, according to different functions are divided into red dry oil and white bath oil.
6、洗车水
6, car wash water
这里说的洗车水是指印刷过程中由于停机时间过长或换印另一种颜色时要用到的一种液体,主要成分是煤油。就是将原有的沾在墨辊上的油墨清洗掉,优点成本较低,缺点是换洗过程中不容易干,所以大家还是比较喜欢用汽油。
Car washing water here refers to a kind of liquid used in the printing process due to long downtime or changing another color, the main component is kerosene. Is the original ink stained on the roller cleaning, the advantages of low cost, the disadvantage is not easy to dry in the wash process, so we still prefer to use gasoline.
此文章是济南华政印务有限公司整理发布的,想要了解更多济南彩色设计印刷方面的知识请点击:www.sdhzyw.com  欢迎您的点击!
This article is collated and published by Jinan Huazheng Printing Co., Ltd. To learn more about Jinan color design and printing knowledge, please click: www.sdhzyw.com welcome your click!