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印刷CTP的应用
作者:admin 来源:http://www.sdhzyw.com 发布时间:2016-3-26 9:04:19 浏览次数:350
CTP概念的提出源于1978年一位美国人的构想,但由于技术和版材的种种原因,90年代CTP才真正发展起来。在1995年德国DRUPA展会上,CTP首次大规模亮相,之后便得到快速的发展。
Concept of CTP from 1978 an American ideas, but as a result of technical materials and a variety of reasons, CTP truly developed in the 90 s. In 1995 Germany DRUPA show, its massive CTP, after they get rapid development.
二十世纪八十年代是直接制版技术研究的初期阶段,在此期间,无论是技术方面还是制版质量方面,都不很成熟。到了九十年代,设备制造厂商与印刷厂家密切配合,加速了这项技术的研究开发步伐,并在此期间达到了成熟和工业化应用的程度。在1995年Drupa印刷展览会上,展出了42种CTP系统。
In the 1980 s is the early stages of direct plate-making technology research, in the meantime, both technology and plate making quality, is not very mature. In the ninety s, equipment manufacturers in close coordination with the printing factory, accelerate the steps of the research and development of the technology, and during this time reached maturity and industrial application. Drupa printing exhibition in 1995, at 42 kinds of CTP system.
这一举措立刻引起印刷业对这项技术的极力关注。在1995-1997年之间,就有许多大型印刷公司采用了CTP系统,实现直接制版工艺,但是由于直接制版机在此期间仍十分昂贵,所以限制了这项技术在各中小型企业的使用和推广。1997年-1998年期间,直接制版机的价位大幅度下降,并且直接制版版材开始成熟和发展,所以大量中小型印刷厂开始接受并使用CTP技术。针对印刷厂的情况,开发的机器幅面包括对开,8开,16开不等。据统计,美国到1997年,已有65%的大型印刷厂(员工在100个以上)使用了CTP技术。
This move immediately caused highly attention to the printing industry. Between 1995-1995, and many large printing companies used the CTP system, realize direct plate-making technology, but due to the plate maker directly in the meantime still very expensive, so restricting the use of this technology in the small and medium enterprises and promotion. During 1997-1998, direct plate maker price dropped substantially, and direct plate-making materials begin to mature and development, so a large number of small and medium-sized printing began to accept and use the CTP technology. Aiming at the condition of the printing plant, the development of machine width including the folio, 8, 16 k. According to statistics, the United States by 1997, 65% of the large printing plant (employees in more than 100) using CTP technology.
在Drupa2000上,来自世界各地的90多家直接制版系统及材料生产商展出了近百种产品。96年美国更大的100家印刷企业中已有55.3%采用CTP系统,28.8%采用彩色短版数字印刷系统。中国使用CTP技术较国外晚了很多,1998年4月,金羊晚报首次购买了爱克发公司的平板CTP制版机及方正Optronics外鼓式CTP在“新快报”部分版区试用,成为我国企业使用CTP一个吃螃蟹的人。
On Drupa2000, from all over the world more than 90 direct plate-making system and materials exhibited producer nearly hundred kinds of products. In 96 55.3% of America's biggest 100 printing enterprises had the CTP system, 28.8% by color short version of the digital printing system. China use the CTP technology is abroad of late a lot, in April 1998, golden sheep eye evening for the first time to buy the tablet agfa company CTP plate maker and founder Optronics drum CTP trial version in the "new express" part area, become our country enterprise use CTP the first person to eat crab.
CTP投资成本分析
CTP investment cost analysis
劳动力成本
Labour costs
引进CTP系统后,印刷企业可以精简手工拼版组的人员,精简的数量可能多达数十人,这样一年节省出来的人力成本就可多达数万元甚至近十万元,特别是在国家实施新的《劳动合同法》之后,因劳工保障而新增的各项成本日益成为企业成本增加的重要因素,控制人力成本、提高企业效率值得每一个印刷企业深思。
After introduction of CTP system, printing enterprise can streamline manual puzzle group of personnel, could be as many as dozens of people, reduced the number of such human cost can be saved as many as a year tens of thousands of yuan even nearly one hundred thousand yuan, especially in the country after the implementation of the new "labor contract law", additional costs for labor protection has increasingly become an important factor of enterprise cost, control the human cost, improve the efficiency of enterprise worth every printing enterprise deeply.
耗材成本
Material cost
CTP技术能减少印前操作环节,因此耗材成本的降低幅度也是明显的。下面我们列举生产中实际使用的耗材及报价进行成本核算,并对比CTP、CTF两个工艺的实际成本。
CTP technology can reduce the prepress operation link, so the cost of consumables reduction is also obvious. Below we list the actual use in production of consumables and quotation in cost accounting, and compare the CTP, CTF two process of the actual cost.
从中可以看到,CTP的耗材成本总是要比传统CTF工艺要低。前一段时间国际原油价格上涨至150美元/桶,给依赖石油的胶片生产商带来了不小的压力,鉴于传统PS版的利润空间已经接近于零,很多PS版生产商都在考虑转而研发、生产CTP版材,由于生产商的退出,传统PS版的供应量会逐渐减少,这样势必会拉动CTF工艺耗材价格的增加。而目前国内越来越多的生产商开始集中精力研发、生产CTP版材、设备,并有一些厂家的技术实力已经达到了国际水平。
We can see that the consumable cost of CTP always is lower than traditional CTF process. For a period of time before the international crude oil prices rose to $150 a barrel, to rely on the oil film producers brought a lot of pressure, given the traditional PS version of the profit space is close to zero, a lot of the PS version of the manufacturers are considering to research and development, production CTP plate, due to the manufacturer's exit, traditional PS version of the supply will be reduced gradually, this will pull the CTF process consumes the material price increase. Now, more and more manufacturers begin to focus on domestic research and development, production CTP version material, equipment, and some manufacturers of technical strength has reached the international level.
在上海全印展上笔者就见到了近10家CTP生产商,如已在欧洲、澳洲市场站稳了脚跟的成都新图、红黄蓝铝业、河北龙马铝业、北京华锐精艺等后起之秀。国内CTP版材厂家的崛起势必带动CTP市场的充分竞争,其价格的下降空间值得期待。
All India exhibition in Shanghai, the author nearly 10 CTP producers are seen, such as has been firmly established in Europe, Australia market in chengdu new red, yellow, blue, aluminum, hebei dragon horse, aluminum fine arts, Beijing sinovel rising star. The rise of domestic CTP plate will drive the CTP market full of competition, the price drop space is worth looking forward to.
印刷CTP的行业利用率(指既有用户CTP系统的开工率)
Printing CTP industry utilization (refers to both the user CTP system starts)
根据调查,市CTP既有用户CTP的利用率较高,集中在50%以上,有的企业的利用率高达90%以上。这表明,市拥有CTP系统的企业都基本上采用传统制版(如激光照排机制版)与CTP制版并行的模式。这是为什么呢?
According to the survey, the city CTP both CTP user utilization rate is higher, concentrated in the more than 50%, the utilization rate of some enterprises above 90%. This suggests that, the city has CTP system of enterprises are basically adopts traditional plate-making (such as laser phototypesetter process) and CTP plate making in parallel mode. Why is this?
首先,绝大多数客户还处于惯性思维之中,他们认为传统印刷似乎更加有保障一些。据调查,市目前没有客户要求用CTP制版,相反因为CTP制版省掉了制作胶片的工序,印刷品用户在打样确认方面还有顾虑;另外一个重要的原因是CTP版材价格太高,而传统制版方式成本较低,操作熟悉,而且质量也能得到保证,企业为减轻成本负担,有选择的使用CTP制版方式; 此外报业集团印务量大也是原因之一。
First of all, is still in the inertia of the vast majority of customers, they think the traditional printing seems more guaranteed. , according to the survey, there are currently no customer request with CTP plate making, on the contrary because CTP plate making process to eliminate the production of film, print users there concerns about proofing confirmed; Another important reason is that the CTP plate price is too high, and the way of traditional plate-making costs low, familiar with the operation, and the quality can be guaranteed, the enterprise to reduce costs, the use of selective CTP plate making way; In addition of large amount of newspaper group printing is also one of the reasons.
基次一个企业对于任何一项技术的引进都需要经过一个过程。对于这些购进CTP的印刷企业,他们不可能一下子让原有的照排机等设备完全荒废。
The base of an enterprise for any one technology introduced all need through a process. For the purchase of CTP printing enterprise, they may not make at once the original phototypesetter equipment completely ruined.